If you serve in the military, you may have an important decision to make in 2018: whether to stay in the current retirement system – the federal government's Thrift Savings Plan — or opt into the new Blended Retirement System (BRS).
Once you make your choice, you won't be able to go back, even if you change your mind before the Dec. 31, 2018, deadline.
The Thrift Savings Plan is the federal government's traditional retirement plan for federal workers and uniformed service members.
But starting Jan. 1, 2018, all new members of the uniformed services are enrolled in the updated BRS retirement plan; military service members with fewer than 12 years of service by Dec. 31, 2017, are also eligible to enroll in the new retirement system.
What are the benefits of opting in? For the first time, the government will match some of your annual retirement contributions.This could be an especially good deal for young people, who will have their own account and can kick in their own money over time. The drawback? The government portion, the pension, will take a 20 percent hit.
Time is of the essence.
"As soon as you opt into the new Blended Retirement System, you get the match in the following pay period. If you want to opt in, do it as soon as possible this year to maximize that," said Michael J. Meese, a retired Army brigadier general and chief operating officer of the nonprofit American Armed Forces Mutual Aid Association. At 57, Meese isn't eligible for the new system; he's grandfathered into the legacy retirement plan. His son, however, is a 27-year-old captain and is deciding whether to opt in, Meese said.
Meanwhile, we spoke with John D. "Don" Fort, the new IRS chief of the criminal investigation division, appointed in June 2017. Fort's division investigates crimes such as hacking, ID theft, and criminal violations of the tax code. He told us that IRS criminal investigators will be focusing on employment taxes to detect fraud.
"Employment tax is one of the areas where we've increased investigations. We made a concerted effort to do that because that's where 70 percent of all taxes are collected," said Fort, who briefly served as the special agent in charge of the Philadelphia IRS field office. "There's significant areas of noncompliance."
His office is using data-mining tools such as Palantir, fraud referrals, and revenue offices to comb through hundreds of millions of tax returns, bank filings, and other databases, including one involving the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act. The division has the same number of agents as it did 50 years ago, Fort added, so they're leaning heavily on the data mining.
Yet another entrant has joined the fast-paced, growing robo-adviser community: Finhabits.com, which aims to enroll more Hispanic/Latino investors and encourage savings among this community in Philadelphia and other large metropolitan areas. Finhabits uses an automated platform, accessible by computer or phone, to set up a savings account and an investment portfolio tailored to your goals. It charges $1 a month for new accounts under $2,500. For accounts above $2,500, the fee rises to 0.50 percent annually.
Finhabits' registered investment adviser invests in Vanguard and Blackrock index funds and exchange-traded funds, according to founder Carlos Armando Garcia, 37, who previously worked at Merrill Lynch Investment Management and a hedge fund, Madison Quant Labs. Finhabits is aiming for grassroots organic growth.
"We met recently with Philly small banks and other organizations that deal with small business owners, and we want to create awareness at the community level. More than 15,000 people have come through our pipeline since we launched, and our goal is to make sure that people with no retirement accounts create a long-term habit of saving," Garcia said.
If you are age 70½ or older and forget to take your RMD (required minimum distribution) from your retirement plan, you are generally subject to a 50 percent penalty, said Eric Bronnenkant, Betterment.com's head of tax. And the IRS ain't so forgiving.