A Year in the Life of an American Family Farm
By Ted Genoways
W.W. Norton. 226 pp. $26.95
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Reviewed by Kim Ode
nolead ends The popular image of the American farmer has moved a bit past Norman Rockwell, but not by much. We still envision a weathered man in a seed-corn cap, gazing optimistically at a thunderhead from his open tractor while tilling a field of verdant corn.
It's an old image, driven even deeper into our psyches during the Farm Crisis of the 1980s, amid fervent headlines that the small-farm "way of life" should not be cast aside in the face of large farms' efficiencies. Yet, that way of farming did disintegrate for the most part.
In 2014, Ted Genoways - an award-winning journalist who grew up in Nebraska - began a year with farmer Rick Hammond on his fifth-generation homestead. Hammond is aiming to make it an even half-dozen, hoping his daughter Meghan and her partner, Kyle Galloway, in their 20s, can take over.
The odds aren't good. "Failure is everywhere on the farm," Genoways writes of the many ways in which fate strikes: death, injury, drought, too much rain, international market projections, overproduction, hail, equipment breakdowns, family rifts.
This we know. What comes as a surprise is how technology has become not just an option, but crucial. It drives irrigation systems, soil analysis, planting strategies, chemical use.
"The precision is stunning," Genoways writes, "and the knowledge demanded of farmers, most of whom consult with agronomists, but ultimately decide what to plant on their own, seems impossible to fathom - but also impossible to escape."
Hammond has kept up but is falling behind. Progress comes with a price tag. The economies of scale are real. As he says, the biggest pitfall you face as a farmer is your own optimism. Genoways lucked into finding subjects who are extraordinarily frank, who let him into their personal lives with a clear trust, but perhaps also with a sense that trusting him is among their few hopes.
This book is bigger than the Hammonds. They are a thread through which Genoways recounts generations of agricultural history. Earl Butz, Cargill, Monsanto, the Homestead Act, the Keystone pipeline, climate change - all impact farming, which then impacts the price of our potato chips.
It's difficult to imagine many who will read this book without a personal link to farming to draw them in. But This Blessed Earth is a history book, an economics text, even a soap opera of sorts. If we eat, we should know.